Environment is man’s immediate surrounding and man in his exploration and innovation has always been tempering with his/her environment there by causing harm to the environment in his causes to making life easy and meaningful for its existence such as the exploration of crude oil, gold mining and other natural minerals in his environment, which in turns creates danger to live stocks and crops during exploration, mining and excavation. Generally, speaking problems with environmental degradation are often linked with process of development and therefore have effects on local, regional, as well as global levels. These effects which are the result of human activities have devastating consequences on the environment and so are harmful on human beings, animals and plants and can be passed on to future generations. Acho, (1998). The researcher has taken it upon himself to know what the necessary compensations are due to the inhabitants living in that society if any, and if the compensation are really measurable enough to elevate the standard of living of the dwellers in that society if any, and if the compensations are really measurable enough to elevate the standard of living of the dwellers in that locality the necessary rules, laws and penalties stipulated for defaulters who refuse to pay or make the necessary implementations for such cases, and what the government of the federal republic of Nigeria has in her constitution about the environment and there that are alleged to be degrading this environment with their industries Acho, (1998).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.3 Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.6 1.6 LIMITATION OF STUDY
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2. ENVIRONMENT VERSUS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
2.3. THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
2.4 IMPLICATIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 AREA/POPULATION OF THE STUDY
3.2 SOURCE OF DATA COLLECTION
3.3. SAMPLING TECHNIQUE
3.4. METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION
3.5 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
3.6 RELIABILITY OF INSTRUMENT
3.7. VALIDITY OF THE INSTRUMENT
3.8. SAMPLING PROCEDURE
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS, FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION
CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
1.1 Background of the Study
According to Ogboru, (2006), history and science both seemed to agree that before the advent of man, the environment already existed, and it’s therefore logical to rationalize that the environment proceeded human technologies and scientific development. It’s rightly by who postulated that this environment before the advent of man was pure and was discerned from biblical records, when God created the sun total of what was conceived as the environment Ogboru, (2006). He saw that it was good, man therefore inherited a good environment and was constituted as a superior being to conquer all the earthly natural resources, but not to destroy, pollute or degrade the natural resources that were created for the same superior beings existed in Anambra east L.G.A. According to Acho, (1998), the occurrence of some natural degradation include; earthquakes and draught, which causes harm to natural environment, though the natural environment has inbuilt mechanism to absolve and eliminate some of the harm which originally occur in nature. According to Adediran, (2011), the intensification of the various activities of man has caused a shift in this natural mechanism by including and increasing the rate at which these incidents occur.
The above stem from the perspective of modern environmental imprudence, its known from the beginning of man’s creation, that man has been dependent on the earths ecosystem to provide him with the means of sustenance air to breath, food to eat, water to drink and other natural resources to advance quality of life. In other words, man’s basic needs are hinged upon good clothing and shelter Adediran, (2011). These are entirely derived from land for life depends on it. The principle of quid planta or solo-solo credit, presupposes that land consist of the surface of the earth, the soil and air space above it as well as all things, which are permanently attached to the soil. And it also includes streams and ponds. Man, being owe of the most inhabitant of the world has his existence hinged on the reservoir of resources within his immediate surrounding for his own sustenance, he exploits the environment for all his needs. However, in this attempt to actualize his dreams of existence, the magnetite of his intrusion on the supporting web of the environment is generating an alarm that cannot be ignored, because very existence of man is threatened to the cord. The consequences of the above situation are the large scale degradation that has been and is still being done to the environment. Ogboru, (2006)
1.7 Statement of the problem
Nigeria’s dependence on oil and gas extraction has inflicted corresponding costs on the economy and the environment of the country Akhigbe, (2013)….
. The activities of the oil industry have sanctioned environmental degradation in Anambra state,
According to Ako, (2009), the general business problem is that profits and economic benefits derived from oil and gas businesses have not been used to improve the compensation for environmental degradation in Anambra east L.G.A. The specific business problem is that profit monopoly guiding oil and gas extraction practices have incapacitated the economic sustenance of Anambra east indigenes.
1.3 Aims and objectives of the study
The sole objective of this study is to discover laudable ways of achieving overall sustainable development of Anambra state. This would mean achieving environmental sustainability, economic sustainability and social equity which are the three pillars of sustainable development. The main objectives of the study are to:
· Assess the present environmental state of Nigeria and that of Anambra state.
· Identify principles of compensation for environmental degradation applicable to Anambra state
· Elaborate these principles in scientific, technological and socio-economic terms
· Consider current and future priorities for compensation for environmental degradation in the region
· Assess existing political, socio-economic, ethical, cultural and legal frameworks for environmental decision making in Nigeria.
· Assess Nigeria progress in environmental degradation and the attainment of the MDGs (Millennium Development Goal) target for future
· Assess the various action plans for the sustainable environments development of the region by governments and their levels of implementation.
1.4 Research questions
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 limitation of study