This research was centered on Computer Aided Traffic Offence Profiling System. The major objective of this research is to produce a system where information and output report of the Federal Road Safety Commission will be produced or made available, much faster, more accurately and more detailed to the commission and the public (Road users) by educating motorist and members of the public on the importance of discipline on the highway. A design was taken to develop the existing system of Traffic Offence Profiling System in order to correct the problems. The problems were identified after series of interviews and examination of documents after which analysis was made and a computerized procedure recommended. The researcher adopted Object-Oriented Analysis and Design (OOAD) Methodology because it’s the most suitable for the study. The system was successfully activated, tested and termed to be running efficiently. The instruments used for the development of the system are visual basic 6.0, Microsoft access and PHP. These languages were chosen because of their easy syntax and features for developing windows based applications.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Aim and Objective of the study
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 An Overview of Federal Road Safety Commission
2.2 Measures to Prevent and Control Accident
2.3 Statutory Functions
2.4 Speed Limit on Roads
2.5 Speed Limits for Vehicle
2.6 Challenges of Road Safety
2.7Database Management System
2.9 Summary of Literature Review and Knowledge Gap
CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Analysis of the Existing System
3.1.1 Advantages of the Existing System
3.1.2 Disadvantages of the Existing System
3.2 Analysis of the Proposed System
3.2.1 Advantages of the Proposed System
3.2.2 Disadvantages of the Proposed System
3.2.3 Justification of the Proposed System
3.3 Methodology Adopted
3.3.1 Object Oriented Analysis and Design Methodology (OOADM)
3.3.2 Method of Data Collection
3.3.3 Feasibility Study
3.4 High Level Model of the Proposed System
CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION
4.1 Objective of the New Design
4.2 Main Menu (Control Center)
4.2.1 Sub Menu
4.3 System Specification
4.3.1 Output Specification
4.3.2 Input Specification
4.3.3 Output Format
4.3.4 Input Format
4.4 Database Specification
4.5 System Algorithm
4.6 Choice of Programming Language
4.7 System Flowchart
4.8 System Implementation
4.8.1 Hardware Requirements
4.8.2 Software Requirements
4.8.3 System Testing
188.8.131.52 Unit Testing
184.108.40.206 Integration Testing
4.8.4 Change over Procedure
4.8.5 Security and Maintenance
220.127.116.11 Installation Instruction
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.3.1 Application Areas
5.3.2 Suggestion for Further Research
1.1 Background of the Study
Computer Aided Traffic Offence Profiling System is a powerful web based and database program that records all the traffic offences committed nationwide. The system helps the Federal Road Safety Commission keep adequate records of all traffic offences that has been committed and that will still be committed by road users and also maintain the databases of the commission (David, 2006).
Prior to the establishment of Federal Road Safety Commission in 1988, there was no concrete and sustained policy action to address the carnage on Nigerian roads. Earlier attempts in this direction were limited to discrete and isolated attempts by some states of the Federation and individuals.The unpleasant trend in the nation’s road traffic system which resulted in upsurge in road traffic accidents made the Federal Government initiate a search for a credible and effective response to the challenge. In February 1988, the Federal Government established the Federal Road Safety Commission through Decree No .45 of the 1988 as amended by Decree 35 of 1992 referred to in the statue books as the FRSC Act cap 141 laws of theFederations of Nigeria (LFN). Passed by the National Assembly(Federal Road Safety Commission Nigeria,2008).
Around the world road traffic injuries are a major public health challenges that requires concerted efforts for effective and sustained prevention.An estimated 1.2million people are killed in road crashes every year and as many as 50million suffer injuries. The world health organization believes that these figures could increase by more than half over the next 20years unless there is a firm commitment to road safety and accident prevention, especially in Nigeria, most adults will know of someone who has been killed or injured in a road accident.It is a dead fact that many of these accidents and their consequences would have been avoided. Therefore the Computer Aided Traffic Offence profiling System will help to keep records of all traffic offences committed by road users and also maintain the databases of the commission(Haddon, 2012).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The present system of traffic offence profiling system which is the manual system known as (Notice of Offence Sheet) has alot of problems.
i. Time:- going by the present system of operation, time is consumed in the manual handling of operation involves in road traffic documentation.
ii. Cost: - this is the greatest problem of the federal Road safety commission. The commission ends to lose a lot of money running the agency manually.
iii. Document Ingrate: This is viewed in the contest of the safety, in the contest of the safety, in validity of the records in the document files used in the report generation. In term of safety, the native of the system makes it vulnerable to left, fire or accidental destruction. This makes the system in safe as the time needed to replace lost data or files is enormously large.
1.3Aim and Objectives of the Study
This research work is aimed at helping the Federal Road safety Commission to document all road traffic offences incurred by the road users. This research work also tries to give an indent looking in the easiest and most effective way for the growth and development of the Federal Road Safety Commission of Nigeria in order to control and render its activities to the Nigerians and other coteries.
The objectives of this research work are as follows:
i. To provide better services to the public and users.
ii. To keep records that are complete, integrated and updated
iii. To produce a system where information and output report will be produced or made available much faster more accurately and more detailed to the commission and the public (Road users) by educating motorist and members of the public on the importance of discipline on the highway.
iv. Maintaining the validity period for drivers’ licenses which shall be three years subject to renewal at the expiration of the validity period as well as designing, registering and producing plate number.
v. Conducting researches and also the standardization of highway traffic codes.
1.4 Significance of the Study
With the growth in information technology, the study offers numerous values to the Federal Road Safety Commission and any organization that deals with offence documentation data/information. Huge files kept through the manual method in offices will no longer be there again because information will be stored on the computer with the help of the Computer Aided Traffic Offence System. It will help to keep a comprehensive record of traffic offence documented.
More significance of this research work include the following:
i. The importance of this work cannot be overemphasized, as it will highlight the challenges encountered by FRSC corps to the enforcement of Road Traffic Regulations on the Highway.
ii. The research will reveal the challenges against FRSC corps which will assist decision makers to improve the condition of service, so that the corps members can be able to discharge their responsibilities efficiently.
iii. It will also guide policy makers in designing policies that will tackle the menace of road traffic crashes and budgetary allocations to thecommission for effective enforcement of road traffic regulations on the highway.
iv. The study will also be an eye opener for other researchers and further investigation on the challenges facing the organization, conduct and comportment of enforcement of road traffic regulations on the highway.
1.5 Scope of the Study
This study is strived at finding out how effective the computer aided traffic offence profiling system of Federal Road safety commission Nigeria will improve the operation of the commission.
1.6 Limitation of the Study
This project was constrained by the following factors:
i. Financial Constraints: Bearing in mind the economic state of the nation, it was found difficult in making both ends meet, because of the exorbitant nature of things nowadays in travelling for the collection of data needed for the project.
ii. Time Constraints: Looking at the interval between the resumption and vacation of the final semester for the project to be completed, the time given seemed to be short for the collection of required information for better work to be done.
iii. Non-Availability of Material: During this project, it was noticed that the required materials needed for the project are not documented. Those that were documented lacked storage facilities where they can be reached.
1.7Definition of Terms
i. Information: this is the assemblage of data into a meaningful form.
ii. FRSC: Federal Road safety Commission a body responsible for the control of Road users in the country Nigeria (David, 2006).
iii. Road User: person or persons.Making use or applying on the road(David, 2006).
iv. Data:This is a fore runner of information. It is an unprocessed fact.
v. Computerization: refers to the application of computer in performing operations or man’s problem like on a mechanicalcounting.
vi. Database: Is a collection of information that is related to a particular subject or purpose.
vii. Internet: Is a collection of computer networks that operate to common standards and enable the computer and the program they run to communicate directly.
viii. Software: This is a logically written program that hardware uses to perform its operation (Blementhal,2016).
ix. System: Is the collection of hardware, software, data information procedures and people.